edible indigeneous food garden
this list is by no means complete but could form the basis for a indigineous food en fruit garden:
FARMER JOHN – Indigenous food garden
Fruit bearing trees – (Afrikaans common names)
Natalsuurpruim, waterbessie, wildemango, rooi-ivoor, wildemispel, tosselbessie, wildevla-appel en doppruim.
- Ximenia Caffra – Natal Sour Prune/Natalsuurpruim. Lovely fruit with a sour stone. High vitamin C and Calium content.
- Annona senegalensis – tasty with a distinct pineapple scent.
- Syzygium cordatum – (Water bessie) Deep purple berries
- Pappea capensis – (doppruim of kambessie) has delicious fruit however only the female tree bears fruit.
- Berchemia zeyheri – (rooi-ivoor) has very sweet fruit. Zulu name umNcaka.
- Vangueria infausta – (Wildemispel) ‘knobly’ with wonderful sweet and sour fruits with a high vitamin C content.
- Menta aquatica – local mint.
- Asystasia gangetica – (rank vingerhoedjie) host to a variety of butterflies
Flowers and fruits – flowers may not necessary be edible but is conducive to a vegetable garden in terms of aroma, ‘friendly’ insect hosting qualities and possibly to enhance certain dishes.
- Carissa macrocarpa and Carissa edulis – well known to KZN inhabitants for it’s large tasty fruit full of vitamin C.
- Pelargonium capitatum – pleasant aromatic leaves
- Ocimum gratissimum – (wild basil) with lemon like leaves to enhance flavours in food.
- Plectranthus amboinicus – (lekkerstink-salie)
- Mentha longifolia – wild mint. Herb tea and attracts advantageous insects.
- Trees of Natal, Zululand and Transkei – Elsa Pooley
- Wildflowers of KwaZulu Natal – Elsa Pooley
- Companion Planting – Margaret Roberts