edible indigeneous food garden

this list is by no means complete but could form the basis for a indigineous food en fruit garden:

FARMER JOHN – Indigenous food garden

Fruit bearing trees – (Afrikaans common names)

Natalsuurpruim, waterbessie, wildemango, rooi-ivoor, wildemispel, tosselbessie, wildevla-appel en doppruim.


  • Ximenia Caffra – Natal Sour Prune/Natalsuurpruim. Lovely fruit with a sour stone. High vitamin C and Calium content.
  • Annona senegalensis – tasty with a distinct pineapple scent.
  • Syzygium cordatum – (Water bessie) Deep purple berries
  • Pappea capensis – (doppruim of kambessie) has delicious fruit however only the female tree bears fruit.
  • Berchemia zeyheri – (rooi-ivoor) has very sweet fruit. Zulu name umNcaka.
  • Vangueria infausta – (Wildemispel) ‘knobly’ with wonderful sweet and sour fruits with a high vitamin C content.


  • Menta aquatica – local mint.
  • Asystasia gangetica – (rank vingerhoedjie) host to a variety of butterflies

Flowers and fruits – flowers may not necessary be edible but is conducive to a vegetable garden in terms of aroma, ‘friendly’ insect hosting qualities and possibly to enhance certain dishes.

  • Carissa macrocarpa and Carissa edulis – well known to KZN inhabitants for it’s large tasty fruit full of vitamin C.
  • Pelargonium capitatum – pleasant aromatic leaves
  • Ocimum gratissimum – (wild basil) with lemon like leaves to enhance flavours in food.
  • Plectranthus amboinicus – (lekkerstink-salie)
  • Mentha longifolia – wild mint. Herb tea and attracts advantageous insects.


  • Trees of Natal, Zululand and Transkei – Elsa Pooley
  • Wildflowers of KwaZulu Natal – Elsa Pooley
  • Companion Planting – Margaret Roberts