Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time. Polyculture and/or Permaculture (“Permanent agriculture”) where more than one crop is grown in the same space at the same time, is the alternative to monoculture.
Continuous monoculture, or monocropping, where the same species is grown year after year, can lead to the quicker build-up of pests and diseases, and then rapid spread where a uniform crop is susceptible to a pathogen. The practice has increasingly come under fire for its environmental effects and for putting the food supply chain at risk. Diversity can be added both in time, as with a crop rotation or sequence, or in space, with a Polyculture.